The History of Everything

- A TIMELINE -

COMPOSED BY GRACE, FOR EMPTYCREEP.COM

Formation of the Universe

13.8 BILLION YEARS AGO

The age of the universe is estimated to be around 13.8 billion years. This estimate is based on several lines of evidence, including observations of the oldest known stars in the Milky Way galaxy, studies of the cosmic microwave background radiation, and measurements of the abundance of light elements, like hydrogen.

The age of the universe can be estimated by observing the oldest known stars and using the principles of nuclear physics to determine how long these stars have been burning hydrogen into helium. These stars, known as metal-poor halo stars, are thought to have formed shortly after the Big Bang, and their ages provide an estimate for the age of the universe.

Another line of evidence comes from the study of the cosmic microwave background radiation, the afterglow of the Big Bang, which has been measured and studied in great detail by various space-based observatories. The observed pattern of fluctuations in the microwave background radiation allows scientists to determine the age, composition, and structure of the universe.

Finally, measurements of the abundance of light elements such as hydrogen and helium provide additional information about the age of the universe. These elements were produced in the first few minutes after the Big Bang, and their relative abundances can be used to determine the age of the universe. While the exact age of the universe may never be known with certainty, the available evidence points to an age of around 13.8 billion years, give or take a few hundred million years.



FIRST 20 MINUTES OF THE UNIVERSE

  • PLANCK EPOCK
  • GRAND UNIFICATION EPOCH
  • ELECTROWEAK EPOCH
  • QUARK EPOCH
  • HADRON EPOCH
  • LEPTON EPOCH
  • PHOTON EPOCH
  • Theochronic Eon

    FIRST CONCEIVABLE EON

    The Theochronic Eon extends from an undefined point infinite years ago until the Big Bounce. While typically the Big Bang is accepted by scientists as the point for the formation, or expansion, of the universe, the Big Bounce takes it one step further in asserting that a Big Crunch (an event many scientists anticipate in the future) occurred and was immediately followed by the Big Bang as a previous universe collapsed and the current one was formed.

    Besides the previous universe, evidence has been detected that suggest that multiple universes may exist in the cosmos today, and the one known to science may have collided with others as many as four times, while other evidence suggests that something outside the universe - possibly another universe - is tugging at objects in the known universe. While there is evidence for the Big Bounce, it is unknown if this was a first-time occurrence or if there has been a long-lasting cycle of bounces.

    Very little is currently known about the conditions in this eon, and humanity may never have concise information from this time, so while it is quite possible that life may have existed in the previous universe to some extent and it is highly probable that this time would be divided into several eons if the necessary information existed, it cannot be divided further at this point in time.

    SEE ALSO: SOURCE

    Proteimeran Eon

    (13798 MYA - 4568 MYA)

    PALEOPROTEIMERAN ERA

  • PRECELESTIAL PERIOD
  • PALEOCELESTIAL PERIOD
  • MESOPROTEIMERAN ERA

  • EOGALACTIC PERIOD
  • NEOGALACTIC PERIOD
  • NEOPROTEIMERAN ERA

  • NEPHELEAN PERIOD
  • EREBREAN PERIOD
  • Hadean Eon

    BEGINNING OF EARTH

    (4600 MYA - 4000 MYA)

    PRE-NECTARIAN

    NECTARIAN

    CHOATIAN ERA

  • HYPERITIAN PERIOD
  • TITANOMACHEAN PERIOD
  • HEPHAESTEAN PERIOD
  • ZIRCONIAN ERA

  • JACOBIAN PERIOD
  • CANADIAN PERIOD
  • PROCRUSTEAN PERIOD
  • NEOHADEAN ERA

  • ACASTAN PERIOD
  • PROMETHEAN PERIOD
  • Archean Eon

    BEGINNING OF THE WORLD

    (4000 MYA - 2500 MYA)

    During the Archean Eon, the Earth was a very different place from what it is today. The planet was still cooling from its formation and the atmosphere was composed mainly of carbon dioxide, methane, and ammonia. Life had not yet emerged, but the conditions were ripe for the evolution of simple forms of life, such as bacteria and algae.

    One of the most significant events of the Archean Eon was the formation of the first continents, which were composed of granite and other types of rocks that were lighter than the basaltic crust of the early Earth. These continents provided a stable platform for the development of life and helped to create the conditions that eventually led to the emergence of complex organisms.

    The Archean Eon was also a time of intense volcanic activity, which released large amounts of gases into the atmosphere and created new landmasses. This period was critical in shaping the geological and environmental conditions that would eventually lead to the evolution of life on Earth.

    EOARCHEAN ERA

    PALEOARCHEAN ERA

    (3,600 MYA - 3,200 MYA)
  • VALBAARA FORMED
  • One of the Earth's largest supercontinents.

    MESOARCHEAN ERA

    NEOARCHEAN ERA

    Proterozoic Eon

    OXYGEN FORMS ON EARTH

    (2500 MYA - 539 MYA)

    PALEOPROTEROZOIC ERA

    MESOPROTEROZOIC ERA

    NEOPROTEROZOIC ERA

  • TONIAN PERIOD
  • CRYOGENIAN PERIOD
  • EDIACARAN PERIOD
  • Phanerozoic Eon

    FIRST PLANTS AND ANIMALS

    (538.8 MYA)

    PALEOZOIC ERA

  • CAMBRIAN PERIOD
  • ORDOVICIAN PERIOD
  • DEVONIAN PERIOD
  • CARBONIFEROUS PERIOD
  • PERMIAN PERIOD
  • MESOZOIC ERA

  • TRIASSIC PERIOD
  • JURASSIC PERIOD
  • CRETACEOUS PERIOD
  • CENOZOIC ERA

  • PALEOGENE PERIOD
  • NEOGENE PERIOD
  • QUARTERNARY PERIOD
  • Prehistoric Era

    (2.5 MYA - 1,200 B.C.E.)

    THE STONE AGE

    THE BRONZE AGE

    THE IRON AGE

    FIRST CIVILIZATION

    MESOPOTAMIA

    4000 B.C.E.
    The world's first civilization is widely considered to be ancient Sumer, which emerged in Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq).

    MAJOR ADVANCEMENTS

  • FIRST SYSTEM OF WRITING (CUNEIFORM)
  • FIRST GOVERNMENT
  • IRRIGATION
  • INVENTION OF THE WHEEL
  • ANCIENT EGYPT

    (FORMED AROUND 3000 B.C.E.)

    The ancient Egyptian civilization is one of the oldest and most fascinating in human history. It is believed to have begun around 3100 BCE, when King Menes unified Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom. This event is considered to be the beginning of the First Dynasty of Egypt.

    THE OLD KINGDOM

    (2686 - 2181 B.C.E.)
    During this period, the pyramids were built, and Egypt became a highly centralized state with a strong pharaonic monarchy.

    THE MIDDLE KINGDOM

    (2055 - 1650 B.C.E.)
    This period saw the rise of the cult of Osiris, the god of the afterlife, and the expansion of trade and diplomacy with neighboring regions.

    THE NEW KINGDOM

    (1550 - 1077 B.C.E.)
    The New Kingdom saw the rise of powerful pharaohs like Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, and Ramses II, as well as the construction of many impressive temples and tombs.

    THE LATE PERIOD

    (712 - 332 B.C.E.)
    This period saw the decline of pharaonic power and the invasion of Egypt by a number of foreign powers, including the Persians and the Greeks.

    LIFE OF CLEOPATRA

    (69 B.C.E. - 30 B.C.E.)

    Classical Era

    CLASSICAL ANTIQUITY

    (600 B.C.E. - 476 A.D. OR C.E.)
  • MOUNT VESUVIUS ERUPTS IN POMPEII
  • JESUS OF NAZARETH

    (6-4 B.C.E. - 30 C.E)
  • BORN BETWEEN 6-4 B.C.E.
  • BAPTIZED AROUND 27-29 C.E.
  • CRUCIFIXION EITHER YEAR 30 OR 33
  • ANCIENT GREECE

    ANCIENT ROME

    PERSIAN EMPIRE

    BYZANTINE EMPIRE

    Middle Ages

    THE DARK AGES

    (476 C.E. - 1450 C.E.)

    LATE ANTIQUITY

    HIGH MIDDLE AGES

    LATE MIDDLE AGES

  • CRISIS OF LATE MIDDLE AGES
  • 14TH CENTURY

    RISE OF HUMANISM

    (1300 - 1399)
  • TRIALS OF KNIGHTS TEMPLAR
  • GREAT FAMINE
  • BLACK DEATH KILLS 1/3 OF EUROPE
  • MING DYNASTY BEGINS
  • GREAT SCHISM
  • OTTOMAN EMPIRE BEGINS
  • 15TH CENTURY

    THE RENAISSANCE

    (1401 - 1500)
  • 100 YEARS WAR ENDS
  • FALL OF CONSTANTINOPLE
  • THE PRINTING PRESS CREATED
  • 16TH CENTURY

    RISE OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION

    (1501 - 1600)
  • COPERNICUS + HELIOCENTRIC UNIVERSE
  • GALILEO INVENTS THERMOMETER
  • THE MONA LISA CREATED
  • NOSTRADAMUS BORN
  • MICHELANGELO PAINTS SISTINE CHAPEL
  • MACHIAVELLI WRITES THE PRINCE
  • ROMEO & JULIET PUBLISHED
  • 17TH CENTURY

    EARLY MODERN ERA

    (1601 - 1700)
  • EUROPEAN COLONIZATION OF THE AMERICAS
  • RUSSIAN FAMINE
  • FIRST PUBLICATION OF KING JAMES BIBLE
  • ST. PETER'S BASILLICA COMPLETED
  • AUROCHS GO EXTINCT
  • FIRST OPERA HOUSE OPENS
  • 18TH CENTURY

    AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT

    (1701 - 1800)
  • FIRST INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • ST. PETERSBURG FOUNDED
  • ANGLO-SAXON WAR ENDS
  • PEAK OF LITTLE ICE AGE
  • SEVEN YEARS WAR
  • NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIA MAPPED
  • ILLUMINATI FOUNDED BY ADAM WEISHAUPT
  • (1776)
  • DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
  • U.S. CONSTITUTION
  • "THE TIMES" 1ST PUBLICATION
  • NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE FOUNDED
  • (1780 - 1800)
  • RUSSIAN ANNEXATION OF CRIMEA
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION
  • FIRST STEAM ENGINES
  • PHOTOSYNTHESIS DISCOVERED
  • LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PROCESS INVENTED
  • 19TH CENTURY

    REVOLUTIONARY PERIOD

    (1801 - 1900)
  • FRENCH REVOLUTION
  • NAPOLEONIC WARS
  • AMERICAN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
  • AGE OF IMPERIALISM

    VICTORIAN ERA

    20TH CENTURY

    START OF MODERN ERA

    (1900 - 1910)
  • SECOND INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
  • (1910 - 1920)
  • WORLD WAR 1
  • (1920 - 1930)
  • THE ROARING 20'S
  • PROHIBITION
  • FIRST FLIGHT ACROSS ATLANTIC
  • THE BIG BANG THEORY PROPOSED
  • WORLD POPULATION = 2 BILLION
  • DISCOVERY OF PENICILLIN
  • STOCK MARKET CRASHES
  • (1930 - 1940)
  • THE GREAT DEPRESSION
  • SPANISH CIVIL WAR
  • (1940 - 1950)
  • ATTACK ON PEARL HARBOR
  • WORLD WAR 2
  • ATOMIC BOMB IN HIROSHIMA
  • GANDHI ASSASSINATED
  • COMMUNIST PARTY COMES TO POWER IN CHINA
  • (1950 - 1960)
  • VIETNAM WAR BEGINS
  • WORLD POPULATION = 3 BILLION
  • (1960 - 1970)
  • BERLIN WALL IS BUILT
  • JFK ASSASSINATED
  • FIRST MAN WALKS ON MOON
  • WORLD POPULATION = 4 BILLION
  • WOODSTOCK FESTIVAL
  • (1970 - 1980)
  • MARGARET THATCHER BECOMES THE FIRST FEMALE PRIME MINISTER OF ENGLAND
  • (1980 - 1990)
  • US SPACE SHUTTLE CHALLENGER MISSION FAILS, KILLING ALL 7 ASTRONAUTS
  • WORLD POPULATION = 5 BILLION
  • BERLIN WALL TORN DOWN
  • (1990 - 2000)
  • HUBBLE SPACE TELESCOPE CREATED
  • SOVIET UNION COLLAPSES
  • WORLD POPULATION = 6 BILLION
  • THE Y2K BUG
  • 21ST CENTURY

    (2000 - 2010)
  • 9/11 ATTACK
  • IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EURO
  • GUANTANOMO BAY OPENED
  • SADDAM HUSSEIN KILLED
  • HURRICANE KATRINA
  • TSUNAMI KILLS 230,000
  • INTRODUCTION OF FACEBOOK
  • FIRST IPHONE IS RELEASED
  • BARACK OBAMA BECOMES THE 1ST BLACK PRESIDENT OF THE U.S.
    (2010 - 2020)
  • LARGE HADRON COLLIDER COMPLETED
  • (2020 - PRESENT)
  • COVID-19 PANDEMIC