Entheogenic Plants

An entheogen is a psychoactive substance that is used in a religious, spiritual, or shamanic context to induce altered states of consciousness.

Hover over the images and follow the links to learn more about each entheogenic plant.

Psilocybe Semilanceata

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Datura
Stramonium

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Cannabaceae Sativa

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Ipomoea
Morning Glory

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Hawaiian Baby Woodrose

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Mitragyna Speciosa

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Amanita
Muscaria

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Tabernanthe
Iboga

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San Pedro Cacti

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Lophophora Williamsii Peyote

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Psychotria
Viridis

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Banisteriopsis
Caapi

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Papaver
Somniferum

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Salvia
Divinorum

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Erthroxylum
Coca

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Psilocybin Mushrooms


Psilocybin mushrooms, also known as psychedelic mushrooms, are fungi that contain the psychoactive compounds psilocybin and psilocin. They are found in a variety of species, the most well-known being Psilocybe cubensis. When consumed, these compounds produce altered states of consciousness, including visual and auditory hallucinations and altered sense of time. Psilocybin mushrooms have a long history of use in traditional indigenous cultures and are being studied for their potential therapeutic benefits in the treatment of a range of mental health conditions, including depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, they are currently classified as a Schedule I controlled substance in the United States, meaning that they are illegal to sell, buy, or possess.

Psilocybin mushrooms have a long history of use in traditional indigenous cultures, particularly in Central and South America, where they have been used in religious and spiritual rituals for thousands of years. They were first identified and studied scientifically in the 1950s by ethnobotanist R. Gordon Wasson and chemist Albert Hofmann.

When consumed, psilocybin is converted into psilocin in the body, which then acts on serotonin receptors in the brain. This can produce a range of psychological effects, including altered states of consciousness, visual and auditory hallucinations, and an altered sense of time. The intensity and specific nature of these effects can vary depending on the dose, the individual's personality, and the environment in which the mushrooms are consumed.

In recent years, psilocybin mushrooms have gained renewed attention for their potential therapeutic benefits. Some studies have suggested that psilocybin may be effective in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and PTSD, and it is currently being studied in clinical trials for these and other conditions. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential risks and benefits of psilocybin, and it is important to note that psilocybin mushrooms can also be associated with negative psychological effects.

It is important to note that psilocybin mushrooms are currently illegal to buy, sell, or possess in the United States, as they are classified as a Schedule I controlled substance. This means that they are considered to have a high potential for abuse and no currently accepted medical use. Despite this, they continue to be used recreationally and are sometimes associated with the counterculture movement.



Datura Stramonium


Datura Stramonium, also known as Jimson weed, is a plant that belongs to the nightshade family. It is native to North America, but has since been introduced to many other parts of the world and is now found on every continent except Antarctica. Datura stramonium is a poisonous plant and all parts of it are toxic, including the leaves, flowers, and seeds. The plant contains several toxic alkaloids, including scopolamine, hyoscyamine, and atropine. These compounds can cause hallucinations and altered states of consciousness when consumed, and have been used for this purpose in traditional indigenous cultures. However, they can also be dangerous and have been associated with numerous deaths due to overdose or accidental poisoning. Datura stramonium is not a plant that is commonly used recreationally, and it is important to be aware of the risks associated with consuming it.



Cannabis Sativa


Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa) is a plant that is widely cultivated for its psychoactive effects. It contains the chemical compound THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is responsible for the plant's psychoactive properties. When consumed, marijuana can produce a range of effects including altered mood, perception, and cognition. It is often used for recreational purposes, but it is also used medicinally in some parts of the world.

Marijuana is typically smoked in the form of a joint or a water pipe (bong), but it can also be consumed orally through edibles such as brownies or gummies. The effects of marijuana can vary depending on the strain, the method of consumption, and the individual user. Some people may experience feelings of relaxation and euphoria, while others may experience anxiety or paranoia.

It is important to note that marijuana can have potential negative effects on the user and can be addictive. The use of marijuana is regulated differently in different parts of the world, and in some places it is illegal.



Links:


420 Beginner's Complete Cannabis Growing Guide



Morning Glory


The Morning Glory plant (Ipomoea spp.) is a flowering vine that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae. It is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world and is known for its beautiful, trumpet-shaped flowers that bloom in shades of blue, purple, red, pink, or white. Morning Glories are fast-growing and easy to care for, making them a popular choice for gardens and as indoor plants. They can be grown from seeds or cuttings and prefer full sun to partial shade and well-draining soil. Some species of Morning Glory are considered invasive, so it is important to check local regulations before planting them.

Some species of Morning Glory, such as Ipomoea tricolor and Ipomoea violacea, contain psychoactive compounds called lysergic acid amides, which are similar to the active compound in the hallucinogenic drug LSD. These compounds are found in the seeds of the plant and can cause hallucinations when ingested. However, it is important to note that consuming Morning Glory seeds can be dangerous and can lead to serious health consequences, including stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and hallucinations that can be disturbing and distressing. In addition, Morning Glory seeds can be toxic in large amounts and can cause serious harm or even death. It is not recommended to consume Morning Glory seeds for the purpose of achieving a psychoactive effect.



Hawaiian Baby Woodrose


Hawaiian Baby Woodrose (Argyreia Nervosa) is a climbing vine native to the Indian subcontinent and parts of Southeast Asia. It is known for its large, heart-shaped leaves and beautiful flowers. The plant is also known for its psychoactive properties, as the seeds contain the chemical compound LSA (d-lysergic acid amide), which is similar in structure to LSD. When consumed, the seeds can produce a range of effects including altered thinking, perception, and mood. However, they can also cause adverse reactions such as nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. It is important to note that the use of Hawaiian baby woodrose seeds is not without risk and should be approached with caution.



Kratom


Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a tropical evergreen tree in the coffee family native to Southeast Asia, with leaves that contain compounds that can have psychoactive effects. The leaves of the kratom tree are typically dried and crushed to create powders and other products that are used for a variety of purposes, including as a stimulant, a sedative, and for the management of pain. Kratom is not currently an illegal substance and is available for purchase online and in some stores. However, it has a controversial reputation due to its potential for abuse and the lack of research on its long-term effects. Some people use kratom as an alternative to traditional painkillers, while others use it recreationally for its mood-lifting and relaxation effects. It is important to note that the safety and effectiveness of kratom for medicinal use has not been scientifically established, and the FDA has issued warnings about the risks associated with its use.



Amanita Muscaria


Amanita muscaria, commonly known as the fly agaric or fly Amanita, is a poisonous and psychoactive mushroom. It is native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, including Europe, Asia, and North America. The mushroom is known for its distinctive appearance, with a red cap with white spots, and a white stem. Amanita muscaria has been used for centuries in traditional medicine and for spiritual and ceremonial purposes by some indigenous cultures. It contains the psychoactive compounds ibotenic acid and muscimol, which can produce hallucinations and altered states of consciousness.

However, Amanita Muscaria is also poisonous and can cause severe illness or death in some cases. It is important to note that the use of this mushroom can be dangerous and should be avoided. The effects of Amanita muscaria can vary widely and are difficult to predict, making it a potentially risky substance to consume. In addition, the cultivation and possession of Amanita muscaria is illegal in some countries.



Iboga


Iboga (Tabernanthe iboga) is a tropical rainforest shrub native to West Africa. The root bark of the iboga plant contains a variety of alkaloids, including the psychoactive compound ibogaine, which is believed to have antidepressant and anti-addictive properties. Ibogaine is a Schedule I controlled substance in the United States, meaning that it is illegal to manufacture, buy, sell, or use it without a license.

Iboga has a long history of use in traditional African spiritual and healing practices, and it has more recently been sought after as a treatment for drug addiction. Some studies have suggested that ibogaine may be effective in reducing withdrawal symptoms and cravings in people who are trying to quit certain substances, such as opioids. However, ibogaine is a powerful and potentially dangerous substance, and its use should be carefully monitored by trained medical professionals. There is a lack of scientific evidence on the long-term safety and effectiveness of ibogaine, and it has been associated with serious adverse effects, including death.



San Pedro Cacti


San Pedro cactus (Echinopsis pachanoi) is a cactus native to the Andes Mountains in South America. It has a long history of use in traditional indigenous medicine and spiritual practices, and it is known for its psychoactive effects when consumed. The cactus contains a variety of alkaloids, including mescaline, which is a psychoactive compound with hallucinogenic properties.

The use of San Pedro cactus can produce a range of effects, including altered perception, euphoria, and spiritual experiences. It is sometimes used in spiritual or therapeutic settings to facilitate self-discovery and personal growth. However, the consumption of San Pedro cactus can also produce negative effects, including anxiety, psychosis, and physical discomfort. The safety and long-term effects of using San Pedro cactus are not well understood, and it is not without risks. The possession and use of mescaline, the psychoactive compound found in the cactus, is illegal in some countries.



Peyote


Peyote (Lophophora williamsii) is a small, spineless cactus native to the southwestern United States and Mexico. It is known for its psychoactive effects when consumed, and it has a long history of use in traditional indigenous spiritual practices. The cactus contains the psychoactive compound mescaline, which is a naturally occurring hallucinogen.

The use of peyote can produce a range of effects, including altered perception, spiritual experiences, and altered states of consciousness. It is sometimes used in spiritual or therapeutic settings to facilitate self-discovery and personal growth. However, the consumption of peyote can also produce negative effects, including anxiety, psychosis, and physical discomfort. The safety and long-term effects of using peyote are not well understood, and it is not without risks. The possession and use of mescaline, the psychoactive compound found in peyote, is illegal in some countries.



Psychotria Viridis


Psychotria viridis is a species of flowering plant in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. It is native to Central and South America and is known by a variety of common names, including chacruna, rainbow chacruna, and yage. The plant is known for its hallucinogenic properties and has a long history of use in traditional Amazonian shamanic practices. It is often used in conjunction with the plant Ayahuasca, a brew that is prepared using the Ayahuasca vine (Banisteriopsis caapi) and the leaves of Psychotria viridis. The active compound in Psychotria viridis is dimethyltryptamine (DMT), a powerful hallucinogen.



Banisteriopsis Caapi


Banisteriopsis caapi, also known as Ayahuasca, is a species of flowering plant in the Malpighiaceae family. It is native to the Amazon rainforest and is found in many countries in South America, including Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. The plant is known for its use in traditional Amazonian shamanic practices and is often used in conjunction with the plant Psychotria viridis to prepare a hallucinogenic brew called Ayahuasca. Ayahuasca is made by boiling the stem of the B. caapi plant along with the leaves of P. viridis. The active compound in B. caapi is harmine, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor that allows the DMT present in P. viridis to be orally active. B. caapi has a long history of use in indigenous medicine and is considered to have many therapeutic properties.



Opium Poppy


The opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) is an annual plant that is most well known for producing opium, which is a potent pain medication. The plant is native to the Mediterranean region but is now grown in many parts of the world, including India, Turkey, and several countries in South America.

Opium is produced by collecting the latex that seeps out of cuts made in the unripe seed pods of the poppy plant. The latex is then processed to produce various forms of opium, including morphine, codeine, and heroin. In addition to its use as a pain medication, opium and its derivatives have also been used as a recreational drug.

The poppy is also grown for its seeds and oil, which are used in cooking and as ingredients in products such as soap and paint. It has a long history of use in traditional medicine, and is grown as an ornamental plant due to its attractive flowers.



Salvia Divinorum


Salvia divinorum is a species of flowering plant in the mint family, Lamiaceae. It is native to the Sierra Mazateca region of Mexico and is known for its psychoactive properties. The plant contains the psychoactive compound salvinorin A, which is a potent kappa opioid receptor agonist. When consumed, the plant can produce powerful hallucinations and changes in perception, thought, and emotion. Salvia divinorum has a long history of use in traditional Mazatec shamanic rituals, where it is used to induce visions for spiritual enlightenment. The plant is also used recreationally for its hallucinogenic effects. Salvia divinorum is not well-known or widely available, and it is not as commonly used as other psychoactive plants such as Cannabis or Psychotria viridis.


Erthroxylum Coca


The coca plant (Erythoxylon coca) is a tropical shrub that is native to South America. The plant is primarily grown in the Andean region, including countries such as Bolivia, Colombia, and Peru. The leaves of the coca plant are rich in a number of alkaloids, the most well-known of which is cocaine. Cocaine is a stimulant drug that is extracted from the leaves of the coca plant and is a powerful psychoactive substance. In its pure form, cocaine is a white, crystalline powder that is highly addictive and can have a number of negative health effects when misused. Coca leaves have a long history of use in traditional Andean culture and are still used by some indigenous communities in South America as a natural remedy for a variety of ailments. However, the illegal production and distribution of cocaine have led to significant social and environmental problems.





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